About autism spectrum disorder: asperger's syndrome

Asperger's syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects how the brain processes information. It shapes a child's social, emotional and communication skills, and behaviors. Children and adults with Asperger’s Syndrome have an intellectual capacity within the normal range, but have distinct disabilities along with a wide range of behaviors and social skills. Asperger syndrome usually becomes apparent during childhood and remains throughout life. There is no cure. However, a combination of support, regular routine, training and sometimes medication may assist the parents and child.

History of asperger's syndrome

Asperger's syndrome became a recognized developmental disorder in 1994. Prior to that, a person with Asperger syndrome was considered to be socially awkward or unsociable. Some people were misdiagnosed as having a psychiatric disorder or labeled obsessive compulsive or simply thought of as 'odd'. Asperger's is one of the five 'autism spectrum disorders'.

Children with asperger's syndrome

Many of the behaviors of individuals with Asperger syndrome are 'normal' for young children if they happen some of the time, however, if they happen most of the time they may indicate Asperger syndrome. The pattern of difficulties can be quite different for each person. Asperger syndrome individuals will have many behaviors that are similar to those with autism, but they have better language and average to above average cognitive skills.

Some characteristics of asperger's syndrome

People with asperger syndrome may display some of the following characteristics:

  • difficulty in forming friendships.
  • a preference for being alone or with older children and adults.
  • ability to talk well, either too much or too little, but difficulty with communication.
  • inability to understand the rules of social behavior, the feelings of others and 'body language'.
  • having rules and rituals that they insist all family members follow.
  • anger and aggression when things do not happen as they want.
  • sensitivity to criticism.
  • a narrow field of interests and intense preoccupation with areas of interest.
  • difficulty taking the perspective of another or understanding cause and effect relationships.
  • difficulty understanding abstractions, problem solving, and the use of figurative language.